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Friday, January 3, 2014

The 33rd Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment Emerald Guard



Hi Team
Today I'm posting about a Confederate Regiment, the 33rd Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment.
The regiment earned immortality at 1st Bull Run but I'm depicting them as they would have appeared at or after Gettysburg in 1863.
 ABOVE and BELOW: The 33rd advancing under fire.

As usual, they are based on 40mm square MDF with 'Golden Gel Medium' flocking paste (Coarse Pumice) which was coloured with 'Jo Sonjas' Burnt Sienna . The base was then dry brushed with Citadel 'Karak Stone' and finished with MiniNature grass tuffs and Army Painter Battlefield Grass.

The miniatures are mostly PERRY MINIATURES Plastics 'Confederate Infantry' but there are also a few PERRY, OLD GLORY 2nd EDITION and SASH AND SABER metals in there.
Flags are from FLAGS OF WAR.
I have based these chaps for playing LONGSTREET but they could easily work for BLACK POWDER or other rules.

As usual I obtained the following information from Wikipedia and checked it against my resources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/33rd_Virginia_Infantry


33rd Virginia

The regiment was organized and mustered into service soon after the secession of Virginia on 17 April 1861. It was formed of ten companies, which included men from Hampshire, Shenandoah, Frederick, Hardy, Page, and Rockingham counties. Two of these counties, Hampshire and Hardy, seceded in 1863 from the state of Virginia, forming part of the northeastern Panhandle of West Virginia.

The ten companies were:

1.A - Potomac Guards (Hampshire Co.)

2.B - Toms Brook Guard (Shenandoah Co.)

3.C - Tenth Legion Minute Men/Shenandoah Riflemen (Shenandoah Co.)

4.D - Mountain Rangers (Winchester, Frederick Co.)

5.E - Emerald Guard (Shenandoah Co.)

6.F - Independent Greys/Hardy Greys (Hardy Co.)

7.G - Mount Jackson Rifles (Shenandoah Co.)

8.H - Page Grays (Page Co.)

9.I - Rockingham Confederates (Rockingham Co.)

10.J - Shenandoah Riflemen(Shenandoah Co.)

 Originally, the regiment was commanded by Col. Arthur C. Cummings, though it would change hands many times through the war. The 33rd, along with the 2nd, 4th, 5th, and 27th Virginia Regiments, formed the famous 'Stonewall Brigade' under the command of the legendary Stonewall Jackson. The average height of a soldier in the regiment was 5'8", and the average age was 25 years; these figures fluctuated greatly as the years progressed.
 ABOVE and BELOW: I've based the 33rd as a big 10 base unit. Confederate units tended to be larger than their Federal counterparts on the whole.

 ABOVE and BELOW: All ten bases in line.
 
Action at 1st Bull Run (1st Manassas)

When the Union and Confederate armies engaged near Manassas Junction, Virginia on 21 July 1861, General Jackson and his brigade earned the nickname "Stonewall" when, as they retreated to reform along Henry House Hill, Gen. Barnard Bee cried out to his ailing troops: "There stands Jackson like a stone wall. Rally behind the Virginians!" Eight of the ten companies in the 33rd were present.

At the height of the battle, it was Jackson's first brigade, and more specifically, the undersized regiment of Colonel Cummings that turned the tide of battle with a well-timed charge against an exposed artillery battery. The successful capture of the guns is thought to be largely because, due to the lack of formality in early war uniforms, Jackson's men were dressed in blue, just like their Federal counterparts. Though the 33rd Virginia succeeded in capturing the guns, the number of men that made the charge (only about 250) were unable to maintain possession and were forced to retreat. The charge had halted the steady advance of the Union Army up to that point, and precipitated further charges by Jackson's other regiments. By day's end, the actions of the 33rd led to the complete rout of the Union Army, and played a major role in immortalizing the brigade.

The cost of immortality for Cummings' regiment was high. Of the 450 men who were present at the battle, the 33rd would suffer 43 killed and 140 wounded

The 33rd Virginia remained in the Stonewall Brigade in Thomas J. Jackson's Second Corps until the restructuring of the Army of Northern Virginia after his death in the spring of 1863. It was then put under Richard Ewell's command until the spring of 1864, when it dissolved at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.


Action at GETTYSBURG

Arriving late in the evening of 1 July, the brigade to which the 33rd belonged spent much of the second day skirmishing on the far Confederate left. It would not be until the next day that the 33rd would see real fighting. At 3:00 a.m. on the morning of the 3rd, the regiment was aroused and marched off with the rest of the brigade towards the enemy position atop Culp's Hill. After daybreak, the regiment advanced in line of battle towards the enemy who was "strongly intrenched in a most advantageous position." The regiment advanced up the slopes of the hill advancing "in intervals" as the men took cover behind rocks and trees as they advanced. Although the regiment exhausted its ammunition within an hour or two, at least part of the 33rd remained engaged for almost five hours, as partial supplies were received upon the field. During this portion of the fighting, Captain Bedinger of the Emerald Guard was killed while advancing towards the enemy. Captain Golladay, in temporary command of the regiment after the battle would write that Bedinger's body had fallen perhaps the closest to the enemy's lines.

Sometime around noon, the regiment was withdrawn from the slopes, reorganized and replenished with ammunition. The regiment was then moved several hundred yards to the right, and another advance was made upon the enemy. The fighting was intense and lasted only a half-hour or so before the regiment was withdrawn again and marched to the rear for a short rest until mid-afternoon. Again, the regiment was aroused, reequipped and marched to a position farther to the right of the line. From this time until nightfall, the regiment was only engaged in skirmishing after which the day's survivors quietly retired. Upon the field were left many whom Golladay considered the "flower of the regiment." Twenty-three percent of the 236 men who fought at Gettysburg were killed, wounded, or missing.

On 3 July, the Stonewall Brigade lost one of its former commanders, Richard B. Garnett, who was killed during the infamous 'Pickett's Charge,' possibly due to an injured leg that cause him to ride a horse into the battle.

As Lee began his long retreat in the rain on 4 July and 5, five members of company E, some of whom had been wounded two days before, were captured at Waterloo and Chambersburg. By the time the 33rd had re-crossed the Potomac and moved into camp around Orange Court House, the regiment numbered only 90 men. With the death of George Bedinger and the only Lieutenant, Patrick Maxwell, absent sick, Captain D. B. Huffman of Co. G, 33rd Virginia Infantry assumed temporary responsibility for the shattered Emerald Guard. On 31 August 1863, the 33rd was again mustered to be paid.

8 comments:

Jonathan Freitag said...

I like 'em! I also appreciate the regimental history.

Nice job!

Rodger said...

Wonderful work!

Black Powder said...

Love the size of your units, they are sure to make an impression on the table. Thanks again for making my morning coffee interesting by the read of this nicely told regimental history.

Andrew Saunders said...

Great work indeed

Vinnie said...

Nice painting and basing

jeffD said...

Excellent painting although at Gettysburg the 33rd would not be carrying the emerald flag.

Capn Hook said...

Garnett rode his horse into the maelstrom of Pickett's Charge because Jackson had earlier accused him of "neglect of duty". Garnett was determined to redeem his honor. Since Jackson died in May and the Court Martial could not proceed, this was the only way he saw to do that. It had nothing to do with a wounded leg.

Trailape said...

I'm sure a wounded leg played at least some part in his requirement for a horse but thanks for the information. Very informative and interesting information.